STANDARD TRADING CONDITIONS
All and any business undertaken by the Company shall be subject to the terms and conditions of
this contract which are as follows:
- “Company” shall mean Across the Ocean Shipping Pty Ltd (61 975 599 156) its employees,
servants, agents, subsidiaries and/or associated entities.
“Customer” shall mean the shipper (consignor), the receiver (consignee), the owner of the Goods,
the bailor of the Goods or the person for whom any of the Services are performed.
“Goods” shall mean the chattels, articles or things tendered for carriage or bailment or other
services by the Customer and shall include the container or containers, unit load devices or other
packaging containing the same and any other pallet or pallets delivered with the same to the
Company or Subcontractor.
“Services” shall mean the storage/warehousing, carriage, transport, movement, handling, and/or
any other service performed or arranged by the Company pursuant to, or ancillary to, this contract
with the Customer.
“Dangerous goods” shall mean such of the Goods as shall be, or become, in fact or at law
noxious, dangerous, hazardous, explosive, radioactive, inflammable or capable by their nature of
causing damage or injury to other goods or to any person or animals or to any thing in which
those goods are carried, handled or stored.
“Valuables” shall mean bullion, coins, precious stones, jewellery, antiques, or works of art.
“Perishable goods” shall mean such of the Goods as shall be in fact or law liable to deteriorate in
quality and/or value and shall include, but not be limited to, fruits, vegetables, dairy products,
“Subcontractor” shall mean and include:-
(i) Any person, firm or company with whom the Company may arrange to effect any Service in
respect of the Goods which are the subject of this contract.
(ii) Any person, firm or company which is now or hereafter a servant, agent, employee or
independent contractor of any of the persons or entities referred to in (i) above.
(iii) Any other person, firm or company (other than the Company) by whom the Services or any
part thereof are arranged, performed or undertaken.
Words importing the singular include the plural and vice versa and words importing any gender
include all genders and words importing a person include firm and corporation where appropriate.
Not a Common Carrier
- The Company is not a common carrier and accepts no liability as such. Services are arranged
or performed by the Company subject only to these conditions of contract which constitute the
entire agreement between the Company and the Customer. No person has the authority of the
Company to waive or vary these conditions and the Company reserves the right to refuse at its
sole discretion the carriage of the Goods for any customer or any other Service whether before or
after the carriage or Service has commenced and further reserves the right to open and inspect all
Goods at its discretion and at the Customer’s expense.
- Subject to and in accordance with the terms and conditions and instructions contained in this
contract, the Company agrees and the Customer hereby employs and authorises the Company, as
agent of the Customer to contract either in its own name or in the Customer’s name with any
Subcontractor, and employs and authorizes any Subcontractor 2 to subcontract with any other
Subcontractor, for the performance of any Service to be performed or arranged by the Company
pursuant to, or ancillary to, this contract. Any such contract may be made on any terms of
contract whatsoever used by the Subcontractor with whom the Company or Subcontractor may
contract for such Service(s) including in every case terms which may limit or exclude liability in
respect of the Service and any term whereby the Subcontractor may employ any person, firm or
company for performance of the Service.
Prevention of Suit/Circular Indemnity and Himalaya
- The Customer undertakes that no claim or allegation shall be made against any Subcontractor
(other than the Company) or other party who may be vicariously liable for the acts or omissions
of such Subcontractor which imposes or attempts to impose upon any such party any liability
whatsoever in connection with the Goods whether or not arising out of negligence on the part of
such party and if any such claim or allegation should nevertheless be made to indemnify the
Company against all consequences thereof. Without prejudice to the foregoing, every such party
shall have the benefit of all provisions herein benefiting the Company as if such provisions were
expressly for its benefit, and in entering into this contract, the Company, to the extent of these
provisions, does so not only on its own behalf, but also as agent and trustee for such parties.
Warranties by the Customer
- The Customer warrants:
(a) that it is the owner of the Goods or otherwise has the authority of the owner or person having
an interest in the Goods or any part thereof to sign the Company’s Letter of Instruction and
consign the goods upon and subject to these conditions. Without prejudice to the foregoing
warranty, the Customer undertakes to indemnify the Company in respect of any liability
whatsoever or howsoever caused in respect of the Goods to any person who claims to have, has
or may acquire an interest in the Goods or any part thereof.
(b) that the person releasing or delivering the Goods to the Company is authorised to sign the
Company’s Letter of Instruction or other contractual document and accept these conditions on the
(c) the accuracy of all markings and brandings of the Goods, descriptions, values and other
particulars furnished to the Company for the carriage, customs, consular and any other purposes
and undertakes to indemnify the Company against all loss, damage, expenses and fines arising
from any inaccuracy or omission in this respect.
(d) that the performance of any Service provided or arranged by the Company to effect the
instructions of the Customer in respect of the Goods shall not be in breach of any law.
Exclusion and Limitation of Liability.
6 (a) Subject to the terms and conditions in this contract, the Company shall not be liable for any
loss or damage suffered by the Customer or any other person, howsoever caused or arising,
(i) an authorized or unauthorized act OR contemplated or uncontemplated act under this
(ii) caused by the negligence and/or recklessness and/or wilful misconduct of the Company’s
servants, agents, employees, subcontractors or otherwise;
(iii) resulting from, or attributable to, any quotation, statement, representation or information, oral
or written, made or given on behalf of the Company or its servants, agents, employees or
subcontractors as to the classification of, liability for, amount, scale or rate of customs duty,
excise duty or other impost or tax applicable to any goods subject of any Service.
(b) No declaration will be made for the purpose of extending liability and the Goods will be
forwarded or dealt with at the Customer’s or owner’s risk unless express written instructions to
the contrary are given by the Customer and accepted in writing by the Company.
(c) In all cases where liability has not been, or cannot be, excluded by this agreement because of
mandatory applicable statute, convention or law, the liability of the Company is limited to the
lesser of AUD$100.00 or the value of the Goods the subject of the agreement at the time the
Goods were received by the Company.
(d) In all cases, where liability cannot be excluded or limited by this agreement, the liability of
the Company for breach of any condition or warranty in respect of the goods or services is limited
to any one or more of the following as determined by the Company at is absolute discretion:-
(i) in the case of services:
(1) the supply of services again; or
(2) the payment of the cost of having the services supplied again.
(ii) in the case of goods as defined by the Trade Practices Act (Cth) 1974 and not as defined in
these terms and conditions:
(1) the repair of the goods;
(2) the payment of the costs of having the goods repaired;
(3) the replacement of the goods or supply of equivalent goods;
(4) the payment of the cost of replacing the goods or acquiring equivalent goods.
(e) Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Company shall in no circumstances be
liable for direct, indirect or consequential loss or damage arising from the Services performed in
respect of the Goods including loss of market, loss of profit or loss of contracts howsoever
caused. The defences and limits provided for in these conditions shall apply in any action against
the Company for loss or damage whether the action be found in contract, tort or otherwise.
(f) Further without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Company shall not be liable for
any loss or damage suffered by the Customer or any other person as a result of a failure or
inability of the Company or Subcontractor to collect or receive C.O.D. payments from any
consignees or their agents whether caused by the negligence of the Company’s servants, agents,
employees, Subcontractors or otherwise.
(g) It is hereby agreed between the Customer and the Company that the Customer’s right to
compensation for any claim for loss or damage will only be maintained provided the following is
strictly adhered to:
(i) Any claim for damage to Goods must be lodged in writing to the Company within 7 days of
delivery of the Goods or the date Services are completed, whichever date occurs first;
(ii) Any claim for loss/non-delivery of Goods must be notified in writing to the Company within
60 days from the date the Goods should have been delivered or the Services should have been
completed, whichever date occurs first;
(ii) Any right to any legal remedy against the Company shall be extinguished unless legal
proceedings are brought against the Company in the state of Victoria and not
otherwise within 9 months from the date of this contract or the date the Services were
completed or Goods delivered, or the date the Services should have been completed
or the Goods should have been delivered, whichever date occurs first.
(h) It is specifically agreed that all rights, immunities and limitations of liability granted to the
Company by the provisions set forth in this contract shall continue to have their full force and
effect in all circumstances and notwithstanding any breach of the contract or any condition hereof
by the Company.
Loading and Unloading on and from Transportation Vehicle
7 (a) The Customer shall be responsible for the cost of, and arranging for, the loading and
unloading of the Goods on and from the relevant transportation vehicle.
(b) In the event that there is a delay in the loading or unloading of the Goods by reason other than
the default of the Company, the Customer shall be liable for the Company’s expenses incurred by
reason of the delay, including demurrage costs as notified by the Company orally or in writing
from time to time or available upon request.
(c) The Customer shall provide adequate and suitable facilities and equipment for loading and
unloading the Goods from the relevant transportation vehicle. The Customer also warrants that
the Goods will be suitable for carriage in such vehicle.
(d) The Customer has the right to inspect the transportation vehicle before the loading of the
Goods. Absent any inspection or complaint, the transportation vehicle will be deemed to be in
adequate and suitable condition for the carriage of the Goods. Thereafter, the Customer shall have
no rights against the Company with respect to the condition of the vehicle and the Company will
have no liability in respect of any loss or damage caused by the inadequate or unsound condition
of the vehicle.
- The Goods may at any time be warehoused or otherwise held at any place or at any time be
removed from any place at which they may be warehoused or otherwise held to any other place to
be warehoused or otherwise held at the sole discretion of the Company. In every case, whether
warehousing is incidental or the primary Service provided by the Company, it will be provided at
the Customer’s risk and expense as a primary charge(s) or a charge(s) incidental to or in
connection with the carriage of the Goods or any Service hereunder.
- (a) The Customer shall indemnify the Company in respect of any claim, loss, damage,
payment, fine, expense, duty, tax, impost or other outlay whatsoever or howsoever caused,
whether arising directly or indirectly from any Service arranged or performed by the Company in
respect of Goods and/or in respect of any such cost incurred as a result of any breach of the terms,
conditions or warranties in this contract by the Customer.
(b) Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Customer shall remain responsible to the
Company for all charges (C.O.D. or otherwise) paid by the Company to any of its agents,
Subcontractors or any other party or authority.
(c) The Customer shall indemnify the Company in respect of any loss or damage arising from
any inherent defect, quality or vice of the Goods.
- The Customer should seek its own insurance cover. No insurance will be effected by the
Company on the customer’s behalf except on express instructions in writing by the Customer and
only if the Company is licensed to do so pursuant to applicable Australian regulations. Any such
insurance so effected will be subject to the usual exceptions and conditions of policies of the
insurance company or underwriters taking the risk. The Company shall not be under any
obligation to effect separate insurance on each consignment but may declare it on any general
policy. Should such insurers dispute liability for any reason, the Customer as the insured shall
have no recourse against the Company whatsoever and any recourse by the Customer shall be
against the insurer.
- Quotations for the Services are made on an immediate acceptance basis and are subject to
withdrawal or revision without notice at the Company’s discretion.
Routes and Procedures
- If the Company is instructed by the Customer and agrees to use a particular method or mode
of transport and/or Service, the Company shall give due consideration to the method or mode
designated but shall at all times have the right to choose or vary such method or mode of
transport and/or Service or route and procedure to be followed in respect of the Service
performed. The Customer hereby authorises the Company to substitute alternate carriers or other
Service providers without notice to the Customer.
Payment of Expenses/duties
- The Customer authorises the Company, but with no obligation on the part of the Company, to
pay any duties, taxes, imposts, outlays or charges at any port or place in respect of the Goods and
the Customer shall be liable for the reimbursement of such disbursements and for payment of any
fine, expense, loss or damage incurred by the Company in connection therewith.
Responsibility for Fees/Charges
- (a) The Customer shall pay the Company for all fees rendered and any charges it incurs for
any reason in respect of the Services performed. This includes the payment of fees/charges which
the Company is advised or agrees will be paid by a third party which then fails to so pay. Such
fees/charges shall be deemed fully earned as soon as the Goods are loaded and dispatched from
the Customer’s premises or otherwise delivered by the Customer to the Company and shall be
immediately payable and non-refundable.
(b) The Customer agrees that it shall not defer or withhold payment or deduct any amount from
the account of the Company by reason of any claim it alleges against the Company.
- The Company shall have a particular and general lien on the Goods of the Customer and any
documents relating thereto and on any other Goods of the Customer which are in, or may come
into, the possession of the Company or any documents relating thereto for all sums payable by the
Customer to the Company. Where the debt remains unsatisfied for a period of 7 (seven) days
from the date which the Company gives notice of the exercise of lien to the Customer (or owner),
the Company shall have the right to sell any such Goods or documents by public auction or
private treaty without further notice to the Customer without being liable to any person for any
loss or damage thereby caused. The Company may apply any such proceeds realised from such
sale toward satisfaction of any funds owing and all proper charges and expenses in relation to the
exercise of the lien and the sale of the Goods. The Company shall remit any surplus proceeds to
Valuables, Dangerous goods, Perishable goods, Livestock, etc.
- (a) (i) Except as agreed in writing, the Company will not accept Valuables, Dangerous goods,
Perishable goods, livestock or plants for Services arranged or performed by the Company. Should
the Customer nevertheless deliver any such goods to the Company or cause the Company to
handle or deal with any such goods otherwise than as agreed in writing, the Customer shall be
liable for any loss or damage thereto or consequent thereon whether direct, indirect or
consequential and howsoever caused and the Customer shall indemnify the Company from and
against all penalties, taxes, duties, claims, demands, damages, costs and expenses arising in
(ii) Any such goods may be destroyed in the sole and absolute discretion of the Company or any
other person in whose custody they may be at the relevant time. If such goods are accepted
pursuant to a written agreement, they may nevertheless be destroyed or dealt with if deemed
necessary in the sole and absolute discretion of the Company or any other person in whose
custody they may be at the relevant time. In the event that the goods are destroyed or otherwise
dealt with as aforesaid, the Company shall bear no liability therefore and the Customer shall
indemnify the Company from and against all costs and expenses with respect thereto.
(b) The Customer undertakes that any of the goods referred to in (a) above (including their
covering, packaging, containers and other devices they are carried in) shall be distinctly marked
having regard to their nature. The Customer further undertakes that the Goods are packed in a
manner adequate to withstand the ordinary risks of any Service having regard to their nature and
in compliance with all laws and regulations which may be applicable with respect to any Service.
The Customer shall indemnify the Company against all claims, losses, damages or expenses
arising in consequence of any breach of this provision.
(c) The Customer’s compliance with (b) above in no way reduces or limits those rights afforded
to the Company under (a) of this clause. 7
- (a) The company is authorised to deliver the Goods to the consignee or its agent at the address
nominated to the Company by either the Customer, the consignor, the consignee or their agents
and it is expressly agreed that the Carrier shall be deemed to have delivered the Goods in
accordance with this contract if it obtains a receipt, signed delivery docket for the Goods or
signature on its consignment note from any person at that address.
(b) If the nominated place of delivery shall be unattended or if delivery cannot otherwise be
effected, the Company in its sole discretion may at its option either deposit the Goods at the
nominated place or store the Goods at the risk and expense of the Customer, both of which will
be deemed to be delivery of the Goods under this Contract.
(c) Dates specified for completion of carriage or any other Service are estimates only and the
Company shall not be liable for failure to complete carriage or any other Service on such date or
Sale and Disposal of Goods
- The Company and its Subcontractors shall be entitled at the cost and expense of the
Customer, subject to any compliance with any applicable law, to sell or dispose of:
(a) Goods which in the opinion of the Company or Subcontractor cannot be delivered by reason
of the Goods being insufficiently or incorrectly addressed or by reason of the Goods not being
collected or accepted by the Consignee or for any other reason, and
(b) any Perishable goods which in the opinion of the Company or the Subcontractor appear to be
deteriorating, if the Customer fails to adequately instruct the Company with respect thereto or
fails to pay any costs and expenses necessary to implement the Customer’s instructions.
- The Customer shall comply with all applicable laws and Government regulations including
those relating to the packing, carriage, storage, customs clearance, delivery or other Services in
respect of the Goods, and shall furnish such information and provide such documents as may be
necessary to comply with such laws and regulations. The Company shall not be liable to the
Customer for loss or expense due to the Customer’s failure to comply with this provision.
Law and Jurisdiction
- Any dispute arising under this Contract shall be governed by the laws of Victoria and shall be
determined exclusively by the courts of Victoria or by the court of the Company’s choice.
- By signing the letter of instruction or otherwise accepting these conditions, the Customer
agrees that it did not rely on any representation, promise, warranty or condition of the Company
or its Subcontractor not expressly made (in writing) part of this contract.
Severance & Waiver
- It is hereby agreed that if any provision or part of any provision of this contract is
unenforceable, such unenforceability shall not affect any other part of such provision or any other
provision hereof. Further, should the Company elect not to exercise any of its rights under this
contract, under any other contract/agreement or under law, such election shall not constitute a
waiver of any rights relating to any other or subsequent breach by the Customer.
Customer’s Own Form
- The use of the Customer’s own form is no derogation to these conditions of contract.
- (a) Any relief from liability contained in this agreement is to be read subject to any restriction
on contracting out of liability provided in any legislation binding on the Company so that the
provisions for relief contained in this agreement are limited or rendered ineffective only to the
extent required to give effect to that legislation but are otherwise fully effective and all the
provisions hereof are severable and effective independently of any provisions which are null and
void or ineffective by reason of any legislation.
(b) Unless written notification to the contrary is given by the Customer to the Company at or
prior to entering into this agreement, the Customer expressly warrants and represents that all or
any Services to be supplied by the Company and acquired by the Customer pursuant to this
agreement are so supplied and acquired for the purposes of a business, trade, profession or
occupation carried on or engaged in by the Customer.
(c) If the carriage of Goods involves an ultimate destination or stop in a country other than the
country of departure, the Warsaw Convention (1929) or the Warsaw Convention as Amended at
the Hague (1955) (and Warsaw supplementary protocols such as the “Guadalajara Convention”,
Protocol of Montreal No. 4 and/or the Montreal Convention) may be applicable and may govern
and in most cases limit the liability of the Carrier in respect of loss, damage or delay to cargo,
unless a higher value is declared in advance by the Customer and a supplementary charge paid if
- Where the Company is unable to carry out any obligation under the contract due to any
circumstance, matter or thing beyond its reasonable control (“force majeure”), the Company shall
be excused from such obligations to the extent of such prevention, restriction or interference so